The Reggio Emilia approach was based on Loris Malaguzzi’s methodology of teaching. It was established during the post World War II era in Italy in which the country had the strong desire to bring about change through economic and social development, especially in the field of education. Schools were opened across the countryside to support children in overcoming the trauma of war. In fact, the approach is named for the region of Italy where the schools began:Reggio Emilia. This movement was driven by parents and community memberswith a strong desire to better the world for thechildren of their community.
Maria Montessori played an integral role in modern early childhood education
Redefining the gender norms of her time, Maria Montessori is an Italian physician, who was the first woman to graduate as a doctor in Italy. She faced significant scrutiny from her peers where she was isolated in her practical classes. This resulted in her having to practice on cadavers after hours, as a woman being in presence of a naked male body was frowned upon. However, despite these challenges she graduated with honours in 1896.
When children celebrate their first birthday, they are entering their second year of their life. They go from sitting independently to crawling to standing with support to walking, or toddling independently. So much physical change emerges during this milestone year, which in turn impacts their social, emotional and cognitive learning. They may become more independent and like to do things in their own way and their own time. They are driven to learn, and this drive only increases as they become older, heading towards their second birthday aka 'the terrible twos' (Hint: they're not terrible, they're just misunderstood and often misrepresented!).
From the day we are born our brains are growing and developing. We learn by connecting with the people in our lives. Those within our families, and those who care for us. This is why it is so important for parents, carers and educators to provide babies with as many learning opportunities as possible to encourage their development.